Mosquito-Borne Disease Prevention
To protect yourself from mosquitoes, practice
Drain and Cover.
standing water to stop mosquitoes from multiplying
DRAIN: water from garbage cans, house
gutters, pool covers, coolers, toys, flower pots or any other containers
where sprinkler or rain water has collected.
DISCARD: Old tires, drums,
bottles, cans, pots and pans, broken appliances and other items that
aren't being used.
EMPTY and CLEAN: Birdbaths and pet's
water bowls at least once or twice a week.
PROTECT: Boats and vehicles from
rain with tarps that don't accumulate water.
MAINTAIN: The water balance
(pool chemistry) of swimming pools. Empty plastic swimming pools when
not in use.
your skin with clothing and use mosquito repellent.
CLOTHING: If you must be
outside when mosquitoes are active, cover up. Wear shoes, socks, long
pants, and long sleeves.
Apply mosquito repellent to bare skin and
clothing. Always use repellents according to the label. Repellents with
DEET, picaridin, oil of lemon eucalyptus, and IR3535 are effective. Use
mosquito netting to protect children younger than 2 months.
COVER doors and windows with screens to keep mosquitoes
Keep mosquitoes out of your
Repair broken screens on windows, doors, porches, and patios.
Always read label directions carefully for the approved usage before
applying a repellent to skin. Some repellents are not suitable for
Products with concentrations of up to 30 percent DEET are generally
recommended. Other EPA-approved repellents contain picaridin, oil of
lemon eucalyptus, or IR3535. These products are generally available at
local pharmacies. Look for active ingredients to be listed on the
Apply insect repellent to exposed skin or onto clothing, but not under
In protecting children, read label instructions to be sure the repellent
is age-appropriate. According to the CDC, mosquito repellents
containing oil of lemon eucalyptus should not be used on children under the
age of 3 years. DEET is not recommended on children younger than 2
Infants should be kept indoors or mosquito netting should be used over
carriers when mosquitoes are present.
If additional protection is necessary, apply a permethrin repellent
directly to your clothing. Again, always follow the manufacturer's
For more information see the:
EPA Selecting a Repellant:
EPA Repellant Information:
Other Prevention Measures
Limit outdoor activity at when
mosquito's are most active.
Avoid areas where there are a lot of mosquitoes.
Contact your local mosquito control agency if there is a significant
mosquito problem where you live or work.
Fill in holes or dips in the ground that collect water. Level the
ground around your home so water can run off.
Stock your ornamental water garden with mosquito-eating fish (minnows,
gambusia, goldfish, or guppies).